jump

jump
verb
1》 push oneself into the air using the muscles in one's legs and feet.
    ↘pass over by jumping.
2》 move suddenly and quickly.
    ↘make a sudden involuntary movement in surprise.
    ↘get on or off (a vehicle) quickly.
    ↘(also jump on) informal attack or criticize suddenly.
3》 pass abruptly from one subject or state to another.
    ↘rise or increase suddenly.
    ↘N. Amer. take summary possession of (land) after alleged abandonment or forfeiture by the former occupant.
4》 informal fail to stop at (a red traffic light).
5》 (be jumping) informal (of a place) be very lively.
6》 (jump at/on) accept eagerly.
7》 vulgar slang, chiefly N. Amer. have sex with.
8》 Bridge make a bid that is higher than necessary, in order to signal a strong hand.
noun
1》 an act of jumping.
    ↘a sudden dramatic increase or change.
    ↘a sudden startled movement.
2》 an obstacle to be jumped, especially by a horse in a competition.
3》 N. Amer. vulgar slang an act of sexual intercourse.
4》 Bridge a bid that is higher than necessary.
Phrases
get (or have) the jump on N. Amer. informal get (or have) an advantage over (someone) due to prompt action.
jump down someone's throat informal respond in a sudden and angry way.
jump out of one's skin informal be very startled.
jump the queue push into a queue of people.
↘take unfair precedence over others.
jump the rails (or track) (of a train) become dislodged from the track.
jump ship (of a sailor) leave a ship without permission.
jump through hoops be made to go through a complicated procedure.
jump (or leap) to conclusions (or the conclusion) form an opinion hastily without considering all the facts.
jump to it! informal act promptly.
one jump ahead one stage ahead of a rival.
Derivatives
jumpable adjective
Origin
C16: prob. imitative of the sound of feet landing on the ground.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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